LASIK Surgery Basics: What to Expect

LASIK Surgery

If you’ve ever dreamed of ditching your glasses and contacts, you’ve probably heard about what LASIK surgeons can do for you. If you’re considering having LASIK, you may like to learn more about it. We will answer some of the most common questions relating to LASIK eye surgery and explore the patient journey.

What is LASIK surgery?

LASIK stands for “Laser-Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis” and involves the use of lasers to reshape the cornea, the transparent front surface of your eye.

The cornea focuses light as it enters your eye. If an individual’s eye isn’t perfectly spherical, the light fails to focus at the correct point on the back surface of the eye, blurring the person’s vision. In addition, if the cornea or lens becomes misshapen— known as astigmatism — the quality of vision degrades even further.

Glasses or contacts sharpen a person’s vision by refocusing the light before it enters the eye to compensate for these irregularities. LASIK surgeons can achieve the same thing by reshaping the cornea with a laser.

What conditions can LASIK surgery correct?

Your eye doctor will be able to tell you if this treatment can correct your specific condition. In most cases, LASIK surgery can correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.

Before LASIK Surgery

Your LASIK surgeon will conduct a thorough assessment before your operation. They will go through your full medical history and perform a comprehensive eye examination to assess your suitability and readiness for the surgery.

Contact lenses continue to affect the shape of the cornea for several weeks after they’re taken out. If you are a contact lens wearer, you will need to stop wearing your lenses two to four weeks before your surgery and wear glasses full-time.

You will also be advised not to use any lotions, creams, perfumes, or makeup products on your face from 24 hours before your surgery. Arrange for someone to drive you there and back, as your vision will be blurry after the surgery.

During LASIK surgery

The procedure itself is quite short, typically lasting around 30 minutes. Your LASIK surgeon may also give you a sedative to help you relax.

The surgeon will place numbing drops into your eye and use a special instrument to keep it open. They will then cut a small flap in the cornea, lift it, and use the laser to reshape the tissue underneath. The corneal flap is then put back into place, acting as a natural bandage. It is usually left to heal on its own.

After LASIK surgery

Immediately after surgery, your vision will be blurry, and you may experience itchiness, redness, and watering. Avoid rubbing your eyes. You may also feel some mild discomfort or light sensitivity. These symptoms should clear up in a few days, although it can take three to six months for your vision to stabilize completely. During this time, you may experience increased nighttime glare from artificial light sources,

You will have a follow-up appointment with your eye doctor 24-48 hours after your surgery. The eye doctor will thoroughly examine your eye to make sure all is well and may also give you some drops to help prevent inflammation, infection, or dryness.

To avoid infection, refrain from applying make-up, lotions, creams, or perfumes to your face for one to two weeks, and avoid hot tubs, swimming pools, or any other shared-water exposure for one to two months.

To prevent a traumatic injury to the eye, avoid non-contact sports for one to three days after surgery. You should avoid high-impact contact sports for at least four weeks.

Final Words

If you’re interested in LASIK eye surgery, seek out the best LASIK surgeons in your area. The first step will be a consultation with a LASIK surgeon. They will be able to answer any questions you may still have and help you decide if LASIK is right for you.

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